19 April 1943 – 70 years later
Documentary film “Transport XX to Auschwitz”
April 19, 2013 — Watch online free below our full documentary “Transport XX to Auschwitz”
– a film by Karen Lynne & Richard Bloom and Michel van der Burg.
The attack on this deportation train in Belgium – by three young men – the rescue, and the many escapes and escape attemps are documented in this film.
Today 70 years ago – on the night of April 19, 1943 – this remarkable heroic rescue occured in Belgium, were 17 people were liberated during an attack on the cattle car train ‘Transport XX’ – crammed with 1631 Jewish passengers, heading for Auschwitz – and another more than 200 others jumped out also.
As of April 19, 2015 the orginal version of the film is replaced above with a new – second – edition of the documentary with updated statistics.
For free watching this new (second) version of our film directly at YouTube follow one of these 2 links : youtu.be or youtube.com
During the Nazi occupation of Belgium 28 train convoys with over 25,000 Jews and 351 Roma left Mechelen towards the Auschwitz extermination camp.
On the night of April 19, 1943, the 20th transport headed East with 1631 Jewish passengers crammed into 40 cattle cars.
This ‘Transport XX’ left the Mechelen transit camp ‘Kazerne Dossin’ at 10 pm. and was attacked and stopped some 30 minutes later outside Brussels – near Boortmeerbeek.
Armed with only 1 pistol, pliers and an improvised red hurricane lamp the three young Belgians Robert Maistriau, Jean Franklemon, and Youra Livschitz – old schoolmates – stopped the train by putting the red lamp in the middle of rails. They were able to open one of the cattle cars and liberated 17 men and women. Another more than 200 prisoners escape from the train before the German border. Many were shot and 26 were killed. Eventually, half of them succeeded to escape.
The attack, rescue, and many escapes and escape attemps from this 20th deportation train in Belgium are documented in this newly released film “Transport XX to Auschwitz” by the first-hand accounts of one of the attackers, people that jumped from the train and survivors who returned from Auschwitz.
This attack by three young man, who follow their heart, is the only documented attack on a death train during the Shoah.
The film “Transport XX to Auschwitz” documents the attack and rescue story of one of the attackers, Robert Maistriau, and several escape attempts and escapes of the deportees: Régine Krochmal, Louis de Groot and his brother, the 11 year old Simon Gronowski, Lilly Wolkenfeld Schwartz and her friends, Gunther and Marie Mendel, Willy Berler, Louis Micheels who as doctor in charge of patients decided not trying to escape – and others…
Régine Krochmal had been active in the resistance and was a nurse. She had to escort together with a doctor the more dead then alive deportees in the ‘hospital’ car. Just before she went into the car she was warned by the Jewish camp doctor of the Dossin barracks, who gave her a knife with the words: “Cut the bars, jump, because they will burn you“.
Régine, had to fight off the accompanying doctor in her car who was trying to prevent her from sawing through the bars of the small vent in order to escape. She jumped out the very same moment the train was attacked and stopped.
Then when the train stops, the attacker Robert Maistriau cuts the barbed wire on the sliding door of one of the cars, opens the door and calls “Fliehen Sie, Fliehen Sie!” At first people are confused and scared – but then 17 people jumped out and escaped, while the Germans were shooting. He next starts working on a second car, but the train began moving…
Transport XX to Auschwitz – trailer
In every car the Germans had appointed one prisoner responsible for preventing and reporting attempts to escapes. Louis de Groot – was one of these appointed ‘guards’ and was told “When anybody escapes, or you let anybody escape, everybody is killed!“. He, however, calmed down the scared people in his car. “They did not want to let me out of that – they were so afraid – that I – that we will be killed. So, I say ‘no – I arrange it for you’. I was quite an acrobat. So, we broke open that little air thing…“. He, together with some others managed to break open the little ventilation window. Louis then took a girl with him when he jumped – together with his brother Abraham and two boys.
Simon Gronowski was only 11 years old when he was helped by his mother to jump from the train, and survived – unlike his mother who was gassed at Auschwitz. Simon was ‘lucky’. He was taken care of by the Belgian gendarme Jean Aerts and his wife, and not betrayed. That salvation was no exception: almost all refugees from the deportation train survived with the help of the Belgian population. Simon Gronowski was the youngest person to ever escape from a death train.
Lilly Wolkenfeld Schwartz had to push her Belgian friend Lilian to jump from the train. The train was moving fast when guys in the compartment of Lilly and her friends Bella and Lilian managed to open the doors. Bella and a lot of other people jumped, but Lilian said “…I can’t“. So Lilly pushed her to jump, and jumped after her. Lilly: “…and as I jumped I had a bullet here, which I found out later…”
Both Gunther Mendel and Marie (Neufeld) Mendel too managed to escape via the little ventilation window and jumped. Gunther: “I went out foot first…you have to throw yourself backwards, because the train was doing maybe 30-40 miles an hour..“. Marie: “..I jumped out – I let myself out – and I lost a shoe…”
Louis Micheels had thought of escaping, but as he was responsible for the seriously ill patients in the hospital car – then thought “how can I, as a doctor in charge of patients in this transport, how can I desert and escape?“. Upon arrival in Auschwitz however “my patients were dragged out, thrown on the truck like they were cattle, dead cattle..”
When Willy Berler was about to jump off the train, he saw that the unfortunate man who had jumped before him, was stuck to the train with his head crushed like a melon. Willy did not jump. “If I had known …. about Auschwitz …. I would have jumped.“
These are remarkable stories of the heroic rescue, escapes, and escape attempts from Transport XX to Auschwitz, which occurred on April 19, 1943 – the first night of Passover – when, at the same time, also the Warsaw Ghetto uprising began, some 720 miles away.
During the Shoah, the Nazis, in their quest for the ‘final solution’ of the Jewish question, utilized thousands of such trains from Germany and the occupied countries to transport 3,000,000 Jews to the concentration and death camps.
Film festivals & holocaust education programs
This documentary is available – distributed for free – for Jewish and other film festivals as well as holocaust education programs.- T
For more info contact: Richard Bloom (Richard Bloom Productions – USA) or Michel van der Burg (michelvanderburg.com)
Currently (as of Jan. 2013) the film is available for viewing in the world holocaust museums and centers:
- the Yad Vashem’s Visual Center (Israel) – Library Catalog
- the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) in Washington, DC – catalog info DVD collection (updated Aug 2013)
- Kazerne Dossin. Memorial, Museum and Documentation Centre on Holocaust and Human Rights. (Belgium) – Collections
- The media collection of Yad Vashem’s International School for Holocaust Studies acquired July 2016 the DVD of our film.
- the Holocaust Reflection and Resource Center at the Alvin Sherman Library – Nova Southeastern University (Fort Lauderdale , United States) acquired August 2019 the DVD of our film.
Premiere Saturday October 27 , 2012 — The film “Transport XX to Auschwitz” premiered at the Fort Lauderdale International Film Festival (FLIFF) 2012 – screened first 27 October at the main film festival theatre Cinema Paradiso in Fort Lauderdale, and again in November 3rd in Sunrise, Florida.
April 2013 — Early this month screenings at Jewish community centers followed in commemorations of Yom HaShoah – Holocaust Remembrance Day – in Florida and the Greater Washington area
April 2014 — Screening “Transport XX to Auschwitz ” April 2, 2014 with guest speaker Richard Bloom in Temple Anshei Shalom – Delray’s Vibrant Synagogue of the Future – Florida , US
April 2014 – Screening at the Jewish Heritage Festival – News Journal Center – Daytona Beach, Florida
May 2014 – Festival of Tolerance in Zagreb, Croatia, May 18-24, Cinema Tuškanac – European Theater Premiere. Screening with both Croatian subtitles and English subtitles. The audience gave the film a very good average grade of 4.3 (out of 5).
Jan 2015 – Brussels, Belgium. On January 31, the historic Atelier Marcel Hastir hosted the special screening (and Belgium premiere) of the documentary « Transport XX to Auschwitz » for International Holocaust Remembrance Day – 70 years after the liberation of Auschwitz concentration camp on January 27, 1945. The screening was introduced by filmmaker Michel van der Burg with a few words on the history of this special place – the Atelier Marcel Hastir – and the important role of the Atelier in the planning of the attack on the 20th train to Auschwitz.
After the screening in a discussion lead by Laura Muris (Atelier Marcel Hastir), Michel van der Burg talked with the audience about the film, about these people’s stories, and also the many new stories that emerged since the film came out – more on this site via this link.
March 2015 – JIFF , Australia – The Holocaust Film Series 2015 of the Jewish International Film Festival in Australia hosted the Australian premiere Sunday March 15, 2015 simultaneously in both Sydney (Event Cinemas, Bondi Junction) and Melbourne (Classic Cinemas). In both cities the film was shown a second time – in Sydney March 24 , and in Melbourne March 19, 2015. The audience feedback was overwhelming.
April 2015 – Screening on April 12, 2015 at Young Israel of Hollywood, Fort Lauderdale, Florida , USA with guest speakers Philippe Renette (Belgium) and filmmaker Richard Bloom (USA) to lead a discussion and Q&A after the film screening. The event – as part of the Holocaust Remembrance Week – was hosted by The Foundation for Holocaust Education Projects & Young Israel of Hollywood-Fort Lauderdale. More info on this site. This screening was in the news before in the Joyce Kaufman talk show on the 850 WFTL Florida radio station on March 25, 2015 (see report on this site).
April 2015 – Atelier Marcel Hastir (Brussels, Belgium) showings on demand on a large-screen display from April 11 to April 19 2015 on weekend days 14-20h with a Q&A by the team of the Atelier. More info on this site.
September 2017 – Screening for new volunteers of ‘ASF België / Belgique‘ September 2017 in Brussels, Belgium. The Belgian ASF is part of the international network of Aktion Sühnezeichen Friedensdienste – in english called : ‘Action Reconciliation Service for Peace‘. The Belgian ASF one year ‘Service for Peace’ volunteers work a year in both social projects with the elderly, migrants, people with disabilities, and socially vulnerable children , and also historical and educational projects, in eg. museums and memorials , like Kazerne Dossin.
Further details on this site via this link.
Richard Bloom (Richard Bloom Productions – USA)
Michel van der Burg (michelvanderburg.com)
New stories …
Following the news of the film other stories are emerging.
When Rachelle Bashe was a child, she dreamed about her father’s escape from a train carrying Belgian Jews to Auschwitz. Bashe, 77, of Boynton Beach was reminded of her dreams when a reporter called to talk about the documentary film “Transport XX to Auschwitz.” The film will be screened at the Fort Lauderdale International Film Festival later this month and in early November.
“It’s just unbelievable,” an emotional Bashe said when she realized that her father was one of the more than 200 persons on the 20th train convoy who escaped on the night of April 19, 1943 during a daring attack by three Resistance fighters carrying a red railroad lamp, a pair of pliers and a pistol.
Bashe said her mother told her that her father escaped from a train but never returned home. She eventually learned that he was captured later, survived three concentration camps and died in 1945 during a death march. “It does help in a way that I am realizing that what is in my subconscious is not really a dream or a nightmare,” Bashe said.
- 2012 – Indie Film reviewer Larry Richman on FLIFF Top Picks and documentary “Transport XX to Auschwitz”
- Nov 2012 – A Story of Transport XX – April 19, 1943 – by Audrey Rogers Furfaro
- April 2014 – Escape from Transport XX – to be born 6 months later – Viviane’s story
April 28, 2014 – Isabella Weinreb Castegnier was three-months pregnant that night on April 1943 in Belgium, when she jumped from the fast moving 20th Train heading for Auschwitz. Isabella escaped with a broken wrist and bruises all over her body, but otherwise without major injuries. Her daughter Viviane – meaning “full of life”, and named so for her will to live and hold tight in her mother’s womb – was born six months later on October 30, 1943.
Last month, Viviane first learned about our documentary “Transport XX to Auschwitz” and e-mailed me…”I couldn’t believe while searching online that I would find an actual movie made, telling the story of this famous, unique escape from a death-train!” After watching the documentary, she wrote to me “it was so well-made…I even wished it were longer”…Viviane also shared with me that at one point in the film, she got tears in her eyes, as her mother’s face appeared in a flash on the screen, while Lilly (Wolkenfeld Schwartz) – her mother’s friend was telling the story…”and Bella jumped” … this was so unexpected, she said “it took me by surprise!”
One year ago – on Holocaust Remembrance Day, April 7, 2013 – her mother passed away at the age of 93. Today, 71 years after that unique escape, on Holocaust Remembrance Day 2014, and her mother’s yahrzeit, Viviane shares her story here on this site. Continue reading >
- May 19, 2014 – Embassy of the Netherlands in Croatia :
In the coming days several Dutch films are scheduled at the 8th edition of the Jewish Film Festival (18 – 24 May) in Zagreb! The event features a broad selection of music, round tables, theater and film. Dutch (co)productions include:
Wednesday 21/5: “Broken Silence” and “Sammy”
Thursday 22/5: “Transport XX to Auschwitz” and “Blind Love”
Saturday 24/5: “Heli”
- May 28, 2014. Zagreb. Festival of Tolerance. The audience at the Festival of Tolerance valued the film “Transport XX to Auschwitz” with a very good average grade of 4.3 (out of 5).
- Oct 2017 – Het Dienstmeisje Van Degrelle – Simone Korkus
…that night of April 19th, 1943 in Belgium , Elias Gnazik helped jump the pregnant Isabella Weinreb from the fast moving 20th train heading for Auschwitz. Viviane – meaning ‘full of life’ – was born 6 months later…
- April 19, 2018 – Full of Life … Escape from Transport XX
Full story announced in post Oct 2017
- April 19, 2019 – Viviane’s Story e-Book published :
Viviane’s Story – Escape from Transport XX…Born 6 Months Later by Viviane Yarom-Castegnier & Michel van der Burg
Published April 19, 2019
e-Book (ePub) ISBN 9789493147003
The greatest escape / film ‘Transport XX to Auschwitz’ by Richard Bloom, Karen Lynne and Michel van der Burg
THE BULLETIN issue 16 – Apr 20, 2012 – by Sarah Ehrlich and Edmund Day photos by Dieter Telemans
Escaping the train to Auschwitz
BBC News – 19 April 2013 – By Althea Williams and Sarah Ehrlich
This day in Jewish history / Daring escape from an Auschwitz-bound train
HAARETZ – Apr.19, 2013 – By David B. Green
The Survivor Mitzvah Project
Jan 30, 2014 – Lilly (Wolkenfeld) Schwartz passed away this week.
Aug 30, 2014 – The “Transport XX to Auschwitz” film is now included – for future screenings – in the collections of the Atelier Marcel Hastir (Rue du Commerce 51, Brussels, Belgium) and the Fondation Robert Maistriau (Belgium/Congo)
Atelier Marcel Hastir
Fondation Robert Maistriau
December 2014 – Bulletin ATELIER MARCEL HASTIR – Belgian Theater Premiere – Saturday 31 jan 2015 – Screening Film “Transport XX to Auschwitz” – ATELIER MARCEL HASTIR, Rue du Commerce 51, 1000 Bruxelles – Métro Trône , Belgium – see post Dec 16th on this site
March 25, 2015 – The Florida radio talk show host Joyce Kaufman and holocaust education director Avi Mizrachi discussed the upcoming special screening of the film “Transport XX to Auschwitz” – a transcription (in part) and podcast link are available on this site via this link.
April 19, 2015. A new edition of our documentary “Transport XX to Auschwitz” is now publicly available online. This new – 2nd – edition with the YouTube title Transport XX to Auschwitz – current version has the latest statistics on the escapes and other updates available. This second edition is now embedded above in this post , and replaces the first edition posted here exactly two years ago, on April 19, 2013.
May 2017. Wikipedia NL “Twintigste treinkonvooi” now shows Trailer Transport XX to Auschwitz (2012)
– post updated April 20 by adding News section and news items
– Aug 2013 : USHMM updated per august 2013 the catalog info of the DVD “Transport XX to Auschwitz” in their DVD collection
– Aug 2013 : added – a recently acquired – photo of Richard Bloom speaking at the premiere of the film at the Cinema Paradiso in Florida
– Jan 2014 : added News item – the Survivor Mitzvah Project – Films
– Jan 30, 2014 : added News item – obituary Lilly (Wolkenfeld) Schwartz
– April 2014 : added news screenings & reaction / story Isabella Weinreb (“Bella”) and daughter Viviane
– May 2014 : added news European Theater Premiere at Festival of Tolerance in Zagreb, Croatia
– August 2014 : news section : collections Atelier Marcel Hastir / Fondation Robert Maistriau
– December 2014 : added news Belgian Theater Premiere in Atelier Marcel Hastir bulletin – Film 31 Jan 2015 « Transport XX to Auschwitz »
– April 2015 : added news screenings in Australia (Holocaust Film Series) and Atelier Marcel Hastir in Belgium
– April 2015 : new edition (2nd ed) of our documentary embedded and links added / news of screening Florida (April 12) and showings on demand in Atelier Marcel Hastir (April 11-19) added / in News section added Florida radio talk Joyce Kaufman and publication of the 2nd edition of our documentary April 19, 2015
– November 2015 : new link to collection Kazerne Dossin
– July/August 2016 : 2012 news item (THE BULLETIN) and July 2016 Media collection Yad Vashem’s International School for Holocaust Studies
– May 2017 : added News item Dutch Wikipedia NL “Twintigste treinkonvooi” now shows Trailer Transport XX to Auschwitz (2012)
– October 2017 : 3 minor text updates (in the first line of the introduction, below the embedded film, and in the first line of ‘Film festivals & holocaust education programs‘ section to underline that our full documentary is (and always has been) distributed for free , and via this post available for free online watching.
Any offering you may perhaps find elsewhere on the internet for watching ‘a paid version’ of the ‘full movie’ is criminal use by others.
– October 2017 – news screening for new volunteers of ‘ASF België / Belgique‘ September 2017 in Brussels, Belgium.
– Jan 16, 2019 – Updated and added details , in section ‘New Stories … reactions’ mostly.
– Nov 8, 2019 – Update DVD available in world holocaust museums and centers / Viviane’s Story e-Book (ePub) ISBN 9789493147003 published April 19th 2019
Kazerne Dossin (Belgium) – Collecting Transport XX, 70 years ago
Finally liberated after 70 years
In any war, children are the most tragic victims. The recent images reaching us every day from Syria and other places in the world prove this once more. World War II was not different.
War children Simon Gronowski and Koenraad Tinel
Both the lawyer Simon Gronowski and the artist Koenraad Tinel have spent their childhood during the Second World War. The first born in a Jewish family in Belgium, and the second born in a Belgian (Flemish) family of ‘flamingant’ nazi collaborators.
The two men met early past year at the initiative of Sacha Rangoni, a 16 year old boy and member (monitor) of the UPJB, the Union of Progressive Jews of Belgium at a meeting of the UPJB early last year.
They have recently become close friends, and together made a special book – a genuine plea for humanity.
The story and budding friendship of these two ‘children’ who survived the horrors of this dark chapter in our history was first told in the last year’s documentary “Oorlogskinderen” (War children) from Marianne Soetewey.
Simon Gronowski and Koenraad Tinel are nine and six years, respectively, as the Second World War broke out, and experienced because of their different origins the war completely different.
Simon Gronowski grew up in Brussels (Belgium) in a Jewish family and ends up together with his mother and sister in 1943 in the Dossin barracks in Mechelen (Belgium). From there starts the transport to Auschwitz. Simon at the age of eleven years can narrowly escape from this 20th convoy by jumping from the train. His mother and sister did not return from Auschwitz. His father died shortly after the war sick and broken by sorrow.
The sixteen years old Sacha Rangoni first learns the story of the artist Koenraad Tinel while watching his theatre show “Scheisseimer” (‘shit-bucket’) where Koenraad Tinel told with the help of his ink drawings his fate as a son and brother of Nazi collaborators.
Koenraad Tinel grew up in a family of hard-core nazi-minded Flamingants (Flemish nationalists) . His father encouraged his older brothers to join the Waffen-SS and work as a camp guard in the Dossin barracks. At the end of the war he fled with his family to Germany, for fear of the possible consequences of the Nazi sympathies of his father Tinel.
Sacha then organised a meeting between Koenraad Tinel and Simon Gronowski…
These children of war, Simon and Koen, have long felt the burden of the past. Until after nearly 70 years this special event in their lives, brought them together. This unlikely encounter has born a steadfast friendship – and is testified also now in the soon to be released book they made, called “Enfin libérés” (Finally liberated).
Neither victim nor guilty, finally liberated – “Ni victime, ni coupable, enfin libérés”
“Neither victim nor guilty, finally liberated” is the translation of the full title of the French edition of this book “Ni victime, ni coupable, enfin libérés” – a testimony of this healing friendship depicted by Koenraad Tinel’s drawings, put into words by Simon Gronowski and Filip Rogiers, and put into perspective in an essay by historian and writer David Van Reybrouck. The book’s release is expected April 18th, 2013 by the publisher “La Renaissance du Livre“.
Reportage “Quai des Belges : Enfin libérés”
On the occasion of this upcoming book release – is shown today on Belgian TV (ARTE Belgique) both a rerun of the 2012 documentary ‘War children’ (Oorlogskinderen), and also a brand new reportage, called “Quai des Belges : Enfin libérés” (filmed by A. Bourgeois and P. Navez) of the interview of Sacha Rangoni and Simon Gronowski that took place early this month in Kazerne Dossin (Kazerne Dossin – Memorial, Museum and Documentation Centre on Holocaust and Human Rights in Mechelen, Belgium) together with Herman Van Goethem, historian and conservator of the museum, and the historian and writer David van Reybrouck.
Broadcast and online video excerpt
Broadcasting on Belgian TV is both today (13/03) via ARTE Belgique in the Quai des Belges Magazine, and later again on 23/04 via the Belgian VRT ‘Canvas’ channel and on 25/04 via the RTBF ‘la deux’ channel.
Online video “Quai des Belges : Enfin libérés”
Online is a 3 min excerpt (Video: A. Bourgeois and P. Navez) of this new interview of Sacha Rangoni and Simon Gronowski that took place early this month in Kazerne Dossin (Kazerne Dossin – Memorial, Museum and Documentation Centre on Holocaust and Human Rights in Mechelen, Belgium).
Sources used for this post:
Personal communication (unpublished reports) – Simon Gronowski and Koenraad Tinel
UPJB – article – ni victime ni coupable enfin libérés
cobra.be – documentaire oorlogskinderen
ARTE belgique – Quai des Belges – Oorlogskinderen
Théâtre Les Tanneurs – “Scheisseimer”
Quai des Belges / Vlaamse Kaai – Magazine
Les enfants de la guerre: interview exclusive (11/03 2013 | P. Navez & C. Bouniton)
Quai des Belges: Direct link to Interview Simon Gronowski (video excerpt)
First published March 13, 2013
First update March 15
– changed introductory lines
– removed redundant text, and made other minor corrections
Update May 9
– section below on ‘Books available now..’
– section below ‘Report book presentation’
Books available now (update May, 2013):
Dutch version of the book
Eindelijk bevrijd. Geen schuld, geen slachtoffer.
Simon Gronowski / Koenraad Tinel / David Van Reybrouck
Hannibal publisher (www.uitgeverijkannibaal.be)
French version of the book
Ni victime, ni coupable. Enfin libérés.
Simon Gronowski / Koenraad Tinel / David Van Reybrouck
Publisher “La Renaissance du Livre” (www.renaissancedulivre.be)
Book presentation 30 April 2013 in the Filigranes library Brussels
New on this site a photo report of the book presentation on 30 April 2013 in the Filigranes library in Brussels by Herman Van Goethem (Conservator Kazerne Dossin) and the authors Simon Gronowski and Koenraad Tinel.
Régine Krochmal – a tribute (with english translation and subtitles)
Tribute to Régine Krochmal, with translation (subtitles) of her speech at the Transport XX commemoration in Boortmeerbeek on May 15, 2011
[ on tablets like the iPad and phones watch subtitles here at YouTube ].
“Never forget that nothing is so powerful as life! Life gives us gifts continually: Our heart to love – our soul to find true joy – and our conscience to increase our joy, by flexibility of our heart. Each of us should let his inner wealth flourish. Like Robert Maistriau, Youra Livschitz and Jean Franklemon have done. For which we are grateful to them, to this day.”
In the video “Régine Krochmal” that was published the day Régine Krochmal died – May 11, 2012 – subtitles with an English translation have been added today. Continue reading “Régine Krochmal – a tribute (with english translation and subtitles)”
We have the right to escape
“Rescue during the Holocaust” is the theme this year of the International Holocaust Remembrance Day – Jan 27, 2013 – and an important theme in the work of historian Tanja von Fransecky.
Tanja von Fransecky has done research over the past years in France, Belgium, Holland, and Israel on the rescue, escape attempts, and escapes from the deportation trains during the Holocaust.
It is a relatively unknown chapter of the Jewish resistance during the Holocaust, that many deportees from death trains fled, and often were rescued by others – neighbors – at the risk of their own life.
Tanja von Fransecky’s work is news this weekend in the latest edition (Jan 26) of the “Süddeutsche Zeitung” – the largest German national newspaper – in the report by Stephan Stracke, entitled: “Wir haben das Recht zu flüchten” – translated here as “We have the right to escape”.
Below my summary of this article on Tanja von Fransecky’s work (with some additions by myself) Continue reading “We have the right to escape”