Tag Archives: Steinbach

Willy & Settela | Born Nomad

Film poster image : Willy – Settela’s older brother – photographed by Jan de Jong, when playing the violin at the age of around 7 years old.

Willy & Settela | Born Nomad | 20210519 | Settela•com
(silent film)

In 1935 the nomadic Sinti families Steinbach were photographed by Dutch photographer Jan de Jong in their caravan camp on the heath around the Heksenberg hill in the southern Netherlands. Jan de Jong was working for De Spaarnestad publishing house of the dutch weekly, catholic, illustrated magazine “Katholieke Illustratie” , that used his high quality pictures in this May 1936 spread (REF 1), with a somewhat simple romanticized short story on their origin and culture – entitled ‘Zwervers van geboorte’ or ‘Born nomad’ (my translation).

Members of other Steinbach families, I recognized in this magazine spread in the caravan window image with caption ‘Buurpraatje’ (my tr. ‘Neighbor chat’), are Anna Steinbach in the window (born 24 March 1916 – killed 31 July 1944 in Auschwitz) talking with Maria Steinbach (born 6 Nov 1912 – killed 31 July 1944 in Auschwitz) .

The 15 year old Willy (Celestinus) Steinbach (born 13 Feb 1929 in Heerlen) was deported together with his 9-year old sister Settela ((Anna Maria) Steinbach (born 23 Dec 1934 in Buchten), their brothers, sisters (Willem, Elisabeth, Johanna, Philibert, Florentina, Willem, Anna), and mother Toetela (Emilia) Steinbach (born 23 March 1902 in Antwerp, Belgium), with other Steinbach and other nomad families – all together ca 245 Sinti and Roma and ca 450 Jews – on May 19th 1944 from the dutch Camp Westerbork to Auschwitz — and some, like Willy, later to other camps.
Toetela’s eldest child Moekela (Magdalena; born 14 Sep 1922) had gone to Belgium and had been deported earlier – 15 Jan 1944 – with her 6 months old baby Jeanette – Toetela’s granddaughter – on the Z-Transport from Mechelen to Auschwitz, were they were murdered on arrival.
Note : I found Jeanette on the Transport lists in the image bank of Kazerne Dossin, Mechelen – but not yet her mother Magdalena.
Settela’s father Moeselman (Heinrich) Steinbach (born Nov 11, 1901 in Gründorf in Germany) died alone of grief June 6, 1946 in Maastricht in the Netherlands – his wife and 10 children had not survived the camps.
Their deporatation was filmed for the Westerbork Film by Rudolf Breslauer (REF 2).
This post is based on the story of the Steinbach families as researched in detail and published in book (REF 3) and film (REF 4) by Rob Hendrikx and Marouska Steinbach.

Update May 20, 2021 – Minor corrections in text , plus more detailed family information added. Poster image film replaced with clearer portrait image of Willy.

TAGS #Willy #Settela #brother #1Memo #MiraclesMedia #michelvanderburg #Holland #Westerbork #Porajmos #Holocaust #genocide #WesterborkFilm #violin #Celestinus #boy #headscarf #Sinti #Roma #Jew #Celestinus #Steinbach #JandeJong #Heksenberg #caravan #photography #nomad

Below – because of space and linking constraints on social media – the references, source and full credits on websites only – eg. Settela•com

CREDITS & REFERENCES

1 – Source – photography Jan de Jong – in ‘Zwervers van Geboorte’ | Katholieke Illustratie 7 mei 1936 No 32 (Haarlem, Spaarnestad) via Delpher archive URL https://bit.ly/3f1jv90

2 – Westerbork Film (20190605) Michel van der Burg | Settela.com (accessed 2021 May 19) URL: https://wp.me/p91enH-1x

3 – Story based on book : Settela en Willy en Het geheim van de Heksenberg (2e druk) by Rob Hendrikx and Marouska Steinbach (Heerlen : Historisch Goud – Rijckheyt, centrum voor regionale geschiedenis en Stichting Historische Kring “Het Land van Herle”, April 2017) ISBN 9789082241686. URL https://www.landvanherle.nl/product/settela-en-willy-en-het-geheim-van-de-heksenberg-2e-druk/

4 – Story based on Films : ‘Settela en Willy’ by Rob Hendrikx & Marouska Steinbach | lifepowervideo YouTube user | (accessed 2021 May 19) Deel 1 Historische Gebeurtenissen link https://youtu.be/1wI9_vt9RlY | Deel 4 Holocaust Slachtoffers https://youtu.be/wVta6g6Mo1o

Willy & Settela | Born Nomad | 20210519 | Michel van der Burg | Settela•com

ANONIEM | Meisje met hoofddoekje … | 20210417

ANONIEM | Meisje met hoofddoekje …
(Nederlandse film zonder geluid / Dutch film)

Wie is zij ?

Dit bange meisje met donkere ogen en haar witte hoofddoekje – anoniem icoon van de holocaust … een paar seconden in de unieke Westerbork Film. Ruwe beelden gemaakt door kampgevangene Rudolf Breslauer tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog in Westerbork, Nederland.

Begin jaren negentig – 50 jaar later – is er weinig bekend over deze film uit Westerbork. In 1992 start de Nederlandse journalist Aad Wagenaar zijn speurtocht naar de naam van het meisje. Project ‘Esther’ – zijn werktitel.

Sleutelbevinding – samen met de onderzoekers Gerard Rossing en Koert Broersma van Herinneringscentrum Kamp Westerbork die de filmbeelden analyseren – is de inscriptie op de koffer van die vrouw die op een brancard naar dat transport is gebracht.

Nauwkeurige inspectie van die koffer – het filmbeeld omdraaien – de film frame voor frame bekijken – heen en weer – onthulde haar naam en geboortedatum:

F.KROON
26.9.82

In deze video heb ik ook nog het zwart-wit omgekeerd.

Verder is nu een duidelijker beeld mogelijk in de hier gepresenteerde ‘still’ – op zelfde wijze bewerkt – genomen uit de kwalitatief betere, recentelijk teruggevonden ‘camera-originele’ film , gevonden op andere spoelen in het archief door Gerard Nijssen voor het Nederlands Instituut voor Beeld en Geluid | NIOD – en 20 januari 2020 gepubliceerd.

Die ene speciale treinwagon met Settela, wagon # 16, met verticale planken waarop 74 Pers. staat genoteerd , was ook onderdeel van die trein gefilmd door kampgevangene Rudolf Breslauer, die Westerbork verliet – toen met de ‘4’ doorgestreept en een 5 toegevoegd – dus er was voor vertrek één persoon toegevoegd.

Op die brancard lag Frouwke Kroon – geboren 26 september 1882 – gedeporteerd 19 mei 1944 – en bij aankomst in Auschwitz vermoord.

Die trein verliet Kamp Westerbork op 19 mei 1944 met ongeveer 700 mensen – zowel Joden als 245 Sinti en Roma – het ‘Zigeunertransport’.

Het meisje met het witte hoofddoekje kreeg haar naam terug op maandag 7 februari 1994, toen Aad Wagenaar overlevende ‘zigeunermama’ Theresia Crasa Wagner ontmoette.
Ze vertelde hem, dat ze op de grond achter het meisje zat, dat bij de deur stond. Toen ze hoorden dat de deuren werden gesloten, schreeuwde haar moeder:

‘Settela!
Ga weg bij die deur, straks komt je kop er nog tussen !! ’

Dát was haar naam: Settela!

Het Nederlandse Sinti-meisje Settela (Anna Maria) Steinbach werd – op traditionele wijze, onder de woonwagen van haar ouders – geboren op 23 december 1934 in Buchten in de Nederlandse provincie Limburg.

Settela’s familie was drie dagen voordat ze werden gedeporteerd, gearresteerd bij een razzia. In Kamp Westerbork werd Settela’s haar afgeschoren – vandaar de ‘hoofddoek’ gemaakt door haar moeder.

Moeder Toetela (Emilia) Steinbach werd met tien kinderen en een kleinkind naar Auschwitz-Birkenau gedeporteerd. De 9-jarige Settela werd begin augustus 1944 vergast en verbrand.
Settela’s vader Moeselman (Heinrich) Steinbach stierf van verdriet in 1946 in Nederland.

Credits

Gefilmd door Rudolf Breslauer 19 mei 1944 in kamp Westerbork, Nederland.
Video van Westerbork film montage spoel 1 (RVD cat.nr. 02-1167-01) met dank aan het NIOD Instituut voor Oorlogs-, Holocaust- en Genocidestudies (KNAW) en het Nederlands Instituut voor Beeld en Geluid.

Still (bewerking Michel van der Burg) uit camera-originele film gepubliceerd op 20 januari 2020 met dank aan Gerard Nijssen | Nederlands Instituut voor Beeld en Geluid | NIOD | NOS.

Verhaal gebaseerd op:
* Settela, het meisje heeft haar naam terug (1995-2007) door Aad Wagenaar ISBN 9789089751898 / Engelse vertaling door Janna Eliot ‘Settela’ (2005-2016) ISBN 978-0-9933898-2-5 .
* Documentaire film ‘Settela, gezicht van het verleden’ door Cherry Duyns (VPRO, 1994).
* ‘Kamp Westerbork gefilmd’ door Koert Broersma en Gerard Rossing (redactie Dirk Mulder en Ben Prinsen; ISBN 9023232658 .
* Westerbork Film (20190605) Michel van der Burg | Settela.com (geraadpleegd 2021 Apr 16) URL: https://wp.me/p91enH-1x
* Nieuwe beelden van iconische Westerborkfilm gevonden (door Ronja Hijmans | NIEUWSUUR | NOS (geraadpleegd 2020 Jan 20) URL https://nos.nl/nieuwsuur/artikel/2319497-nieuwe-beelden-van-iconische-westerborkfilm-gevonden.html
* Settela en Willy en Het geheim van de Heksenberg (2e druk) door Rob Hendrikx m.m.v. Marouska Steinbach (Heerlen : Historisch Goud – Rijckheyt, centrum voor regionale geschiedenis en Stichting Historische Kring “Het Land van Herle”, April 2017) ISBN 9789082241686. URL https://www.landvanherle.nl/product/settela-en-willy-en-het-geheim-van-de-heksenberg-2e-druk/
* ‘Sinti en Roma in Den Haag, voor, tijdens en na de Tweede Wereldoorlog (1900-1970)’ door Peter Jorna (Haags Gemeentearchief, 2021) PDF online (geraadpleegd 2021 Apr 15) URL https://www.owrs.nl/nieuws/nieuw-boek-sinti-en-roma-in-den-haag
* De Vergeten Genocide – Het lot van de Sinti en Roma. Online tentoonstellling door Tweedewereldoorlog.nl . Met een clip van het gesprek van journalist Aad Wagenaar met Crasa Wagner ; uit de documentaire ‘Settela, gezicht van het verleden’ van Cherry Duyns (VPRO 1994) (geraadpleegd 2021 Apr 15) URL https://romasinti.eu/nl/

Gebaseerd op Engelse editie eerder gepubliceerd : ANONYM | Girl with the headscarf … (20210416) Michel van der Burg | Settela•com | Miracles•Media (geraadpleegd 2021 Apr 16) URL: https://settela.com/2021/04/16/anonym-girl-with-the-headscarf-20210416/

TAGS #meisje #Settela #hoofddoek #anoniem #Sinti #Roma #Jood #1Memo #MiraclesMedia #michelvanderburg #Nederland #Westerbork #Porajmos #Holocaust #genocide #identificatie #Wagenaar #WesterborkFilm

ANONIEM | Meisje met hoofddoekje … (20210417) Michel van der Burg | Settela•com | Miracles•Media | CC BY 4.0

ANONYM | Girl with the headscarf … | 20210416

ANONYM | Girl with the headscarf …

(silent film)

Who is she ?

This frightened, dark-eyed girl with a white headscarf – anonymous icon of the holocaust … a few seconds in the unique Westerbork Film. Raw footage shot by Camp Westerbork inmate Rudolf Breslauer during World War II in Holland.

Early 1990s – 50 years later – little is known about this Westerbork film. Dutch journalist Aad Wagenaar starts searching for the girl’s name. Project ‘Esther’ – his working title.
Key finding together with the Camp Westerbork Memorial Centre researchers Gerard Rossing en Koert Broersma analyzing the film footage, is the inscription on the suitcase of that woman brought on a stretcher to that transport. Close inspection of that suitcase – flipping the image – viewing the film frame by frame – to and fro – revealed her name and birthdate : F.KROON
26.9.82

In this video I also inverted the black–white.
Further , a clearer image is possible now in the still presented here – likewise edited – taken from the higher quality , recently recovered ‘camera-original’ film found on other archived reels by Gerard Nijssen for the Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision | NIOD – and published Jan 20, 2020.

That special train car with Settela, car #16, with the 74 pers. mark on the vertical shelves, was also part of that train filmed by camp inmate Rudolf Breslauer leaving Westerbork – with the ‘4’ crossed out and a 5 added – so one person had been added before departure.

On that stretcher was Frouwke Kroon – born 26 September 1882 – deported May 19, 1944 – and murdered on arrival in Auschwitz.
That train left Camp Westerbork on May 19, 1944 with ca 700 people – both Jews and 245 Sinti and Roma – the so-called ‘Gypsy transport’ – dutch: ‘Zigeunertransport’.

The girl with the headscarf got her name back Monday 7th February 1994, when Aad Wagenaar met survivor ‘Gypsy mama’ Theresia Crasa Wagner . She told him, she sat on the floor behind the girl , standing near the door. When they heard the doors being closed , her mother yelled :

‘Settela !
Get away from the door, or your head will get stuck !!’

The Dutch Sinti girl Settela (Anna Maria) Steinbach was born – the traditional way , under the family wagon – on 23 December 1934 in Buchten in the Dutch province of Limburg.

Settela’s family had been arrested 3 days before they were deported. Settela’s hair was shaved off in Camp Westerbork – hence the ‘headscarf’ made by her mother.
Mother Toetela (Emilia) Steinbach with ten children and a grandchild were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau. The 9-year old Settela was gassed and burned early August 1944.
Settela’s father Moeselman (Heinrich) Steinbach died of grief in 1946 in Holland.

CREDITS

Filmed by Rudolf Breslauer 19 May 1944 in Camp Westerbork, Netherlands.
Video from Westerbork film montage reel 1 (RVD cat.nr. 02-1167-01) courtesy of NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies (KNAW), and the Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision.
Still (edit by Michel van der Burg) from camera-original film published Jan 20, 2020 courtesy of Gerard Nijssen | Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision | NIOD | NOS.

Story based on :
* Settela, het meisje heeft haar naam terug (1995-2007) by Aad Wagenaar ISBN 9789089751898 / English translation by Janna Eliot ‘Settela’ (2005-2016) ISBN 978-0-9933898-2-5 .
* Documentary film Settela, gezicht van het verleden by Cherry Duyns (VPRO, 1994).
* Kamp Westerbork gefilmd by Koert Broersma and Gerard Rossing (editors Dirk Mulder and Ben Prinsen; ISBN 9023232658 .
* Westerbork Film (20190605) Michel van der Burg | Settela.com (accessed 2021 Apr 16) URL: https://wp.me/p91enH-1x
* Nieuwe beelden van iconische Westerborkfilm gevonden (by Ronja Hijmans | NIEUWSUUR | NOS (accessed 2020 Jan 20) URL https://nos.nl/nieuwsuur/artikel/2319497-nieuwe-beelden-van-iconische-westerborkfilm-gevonden.html
* Settela en Willy en Het geheim van de Heksenberg (2e druk) by Rob Hendrikx and Marouska Steinbach (Heerlen : Historisch Goud – Rijckheyt, centrum voor regionale geschiedenis en Stichting Historische Kring “Het Land van Herle”, April 2017) ISBN 9789082241686. URL https://www.landvanherle.nl/product/settela-en-willy-en-het-geheim-van-de-heksenberg-2e-druk/
* ‘Sinti en Roma in Den Haag, voor, tijdens en na de Tweede Wereldoorlog (1900-1970)’ by Peter Jorna (Haags Gemeentearchief, 2021) PDF online (accessed 2021 Apr 15) URL https://www.owrs.nl/nieuws/nieuw-boek-sinti-en-roma-in-den-haag
* The Forgotten Genocide – The fate of the Sinti and Roma. Online exhibition by Tweedewereldoorlog.nl . Including a clip of the interview by journalist Aad Wagenaar with Crasa Wagner ; from documentary Settela, gezicht van het verleden, directed by Cherry Duyns (VPRO 1994) (accessed 2021 Apr 15) URL https://romasinti.eu

TAGS #girl #Settela #headscarf #anonymous #Sinti #Roma #Jew #1Memo #MiraclesMedia #michelvanderburg #Holland #Westerbork #Porajmos #Holocaust #genocide #identification #Wagenaar #WesterborkFilm

ANONYM | Girl with the headscarf … (20210416) Michel van der Burg | Settela•com | Miracles•Media | CC BY 4.0

Settela ~ Settela.com

Settela peeks outside the death train to Auschwitz.
Last glance at the outside world for the 9-year-old Dutch Sinti girl Settela Steinbach just before these cattle car doors close , and this death train heads for Auschwitz on May 19 , 1944.
Anna Maria ‘Settela’ Steinbach peeks outside , at the last moment just before the sliding door is closed , standing inside a freight wagon with 74 people on May 19 , 1944 in the Westerbork concentration camp in Holland (75 people the moment the train leaves), when this deportation train leaves for Auschwitz-Birkenau – where Settela is murdered a few months later in one of the gas chambers.
Here she wears a headscarf made from a torn sheet, because the Nazis had her head shaved , and while Settela peeks outside , her mother cries behind her in the car : “Get out of there, or soon your head gets in between!”
She was filmed by the Jewish prisoner filmmaker Rudolf Breslauer as part of a documentary film being made on the Westerbork camp.
In 2017 I made two other short films of this moment (20170721 and 20170725 michelvanderburg.com).
Today 75 years later, on the occasion of the opening of the site Settela.com this new 1 minute slow-motion film (4:3 format) using the original Westerbork 1944 film rushes of Rudolf Breslauer from the archive of the Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision (Open Images). 20190519 ~ Settela ~ Settela.com

Settela 1′


One minute slow-motion of the moment the 9-year-old Settela Steinbach peeks outside in the cattle car door opening on the Westerbork death train bound for Auschwitz – May 19 , 1944 . ① memo 20170725 Michel van der Burg – michelvanderburg.com | 1-memo.com
( unbranded version of video added today to the archives of The One Minutes / Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision )

Settela


① memo 20170721 ~ Settela ~ The 9-year-old dutch Sinti-girl Anna Maria ‘Settela’ Steinbach peeks outside , at the last moment just before the sliding door is closed , standing inside a freight wagon with 74 people on May 19 , 1944 in the Westerbork concentration camp in Holland , when this deportation train leaves for Auschwitz-Birkenau – where Settela is murdered a few months later in one of the gas chambers. Here she wears a headscarf made from a torn sheet, because the Nazis had her head shaved , and while Settela peeks outside , her mother cries behind her in the car : “Get out of there, or soon your head gets in between!”
She was filmed by the jewish prisoner filmmaker Rudolf Breslauer as part of a documentary film being made on the Westerbork camp. More info here http://romasinti.eu/#story/settela-steinbach
In this short film I start with a slow-motion (10x) of the 3 seconds clip, followed by the unedited clip from the Westerbork 1944 film rushes / Rudolf Breslauer / Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision (Open Images)