Tag Archives: history

Nobody No Longer Nobody – ID Card Propaganda 1940


Cinema propaganda newsreel (Polygoon) September 1940 on a rush for portrait photos needed for the ‘Persoonsbewijs’ , the ID card.
After the German invasion in 1940 the Dutch aged 15 and older were required to carry identity cards (called ‘persoonsbewijs’). This later led to the death of many people.

Polygoons Hollands Nieuws newsreel courtesy of Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision (Open Images).

① memo 20190825 ~ Nobody No Longer Nobody – ID Card Propaganda 1940

Hollywood in Holland – Barnstijn’s FILMSTAD Opening 1935


Film City “Filmstad Wassenaar” – his film studio complex in Wassenaar near The Hague – is opened in 1935 by the dutch jewish cinema operator , film distributor and producer Loet C. Barnstijn (born in 1880 as Lodewijk Cohen) starting you might say a Hollywood in Holland. After first working in textiles, he sold his business to start in the film business as a cinema operator. He was a film distributor , an inventor with Philips of a synchronized sound system using records .. the Loetafoon, and introduced the sound film in Holland in the early 1930s. During the war Filmstad was confiscated, and became UFA Filmstadt Den Haag. The allies bombed the complex in 1944. After the war Barnstijn lived in the USA were he died in 1953.
Cinema newsreel, October 1935, from Polygoon courtesy of Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision (Open Images).

Sound (speeches) starts after arrival of the guests at 3 min 20 sec.

Yesterday I posted on his first production the artistic documentary “Sjabbos“.

① memo 20190824 ~ Hollywood in Holland – Barnstijn’s FILMSTAD

Sjabbos

Film link : http://www.oorloginblik.nl/film/niod/2759421

Sjabbos | Friday Night (1932) avant garde film documentary made by dutch filmmaker Jan Teunissen (G.J. Teunissen) on the Amsterdam Jewish Quarter when sabbath starts.
It’s the first film presented by the dutch jewish film producer Loet C. Barnstijn – and as and artistic documentary , different from his later films. Sound by Polygoon Haarlem and Tobis-Klangfilm, Studios Éclair Paris-Èpinay-sur-Seine.

Pre-war Amsterdam’s Jewish quarter at the start of the shabbat: street life with shops and market, the Zuidertoren tower strikes 4 o’clock and the sabbath starts. The shops are closing, businesses are being shut down, employees are rushing home.
While the women at home put the finishing touches to the meal, carefully set the table and light the candles, the men hurry to the synagogue. Chazan Blanes enters the Snoge (Portuguese Synagogue) through the side gate, cantor Maroko greets the shabbat in the Grote Synagoge (Great Synagogue).

Jan Teunissen joined the National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands in 1940, benefactor member of the dutch SS in 1941 and head of the Filmgilde – the film section of the dutch ‘Kultuurkamer’ – the NS propaganda organisation in Holland during WW2.
Fragments of this film where used in 1941 in the dutch version of the Nazi antisemitic propaganda film “The eternal Jew”.
After the war Jan Teunissen was detained 3 years and subsequently prohibited from working in the Dutch film industry for ten years.

References
http://www.oorloginblik.nl/film/niod/2759421
https://www.eyefilm.nl/en/collection/film-history/person/jan-teunissen https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_Teunissen
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BTMN_QOrdKQ

Mokum Market ~ Amsterdam Jewish Quarter 1931 (update)


① memo 20190815 ~ Mokum Market ~ Amsterdam Jewish Quarter 1931 ~ New version of yesterday’s (20190814) film – slowed to 75%*. Sunday outdoor market in the ‘Nieuwe Uylenburgerstraat’ street in the Jewish quarter of Amsterdam (Mokum). Dutch Polygoon cinema newsreel 25 January 1931. The market on the Uilenburgerstraat specialized in second-hand goods fish, and other food products, including the ever-popular ‘Jewish pickles’. The Depression in the 1930s led to unemployment in many trades, including the diamond industry, where many Jews had worked. As a consequence, the number of market vendors and peddlers increased in the 1930s. In September 1941 the Nazis prohibited Jews from trading at public markets. Special markets where only Jews were allowed to trade opened nearby. Very few Jewish market and street vendors survived the war. The Uilenburgerstraat market never reopened (info source https://www.joodsmonument.nl/en/page/671/jewish-market-and-street-vendors-in-amsterdam ). Footage thanks to Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision (Open Images).

* Note – Yesterday’s film (Mokum Market version 20190814) seems sped up – probably because of a wrong play speed when scanned for digitalisation). Thus , I post this new version today, sloweddown to 75% speed at play back – based subjectively on how motion of people looks , and based on other writings that silent films are often distributed with instructions for the projectionist to be run at 18fps , rather then the modern 24 frames per second – thus requiring a 18/24 = 75% fps.

Mokum Market ~ Amsterdam Jewish Quarter 1931


Sunday outdoor market in the ‘Nieuwe Uylenburgerstraat’ street in the Jewish quarter of Amsterdam (Mokum). Dutch Polygoon cinema newsreel 25 January 1931. The market on the Uilenburgerstraat specialized in second-hand goods fish, and other food products, including the ever-popular ‘Jewish pickles’. The Depression in the 1930s led to unemployment in many trades, including the diamond industry, where many Jews had worked. As a consequence, the number of market vendors and peddlers increased in the 1930s. In September 1941 the Nazis prohibited Jews from trading at public markets. Special markets where only Jews were allowed to trade opened nearby. Very few Jewish market and street vendors survived the war. The Uilenburgerstraat market never reopened (info source https://www.joodsmonument.nl/en/page/671/jewish-market-and-street-vendors-in-amsterdam ). Footage thanks to Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision (Open Images).
① memo 20190814 ~ Mokum Market .

Update 20190815

Film playback seems sped up. Thus , I posted a new version the next day, slowed-down to 75% speed at play back – see post 20190815.

I am a European – Churchill


Europe 1 — Winston Churchill that sunny Sunday afternoon of 9 May 1948 on the Dam square in the heart of Amsterdam at the European rally “Europe 1” addressing the crowd with a “V” sign , saying :

“We hope to reach again a Europe … in which men will be proud to say, ‘I am a European’ …. a Europe where men of every country will think as much of being a European as of belonging to their native land, and that without losing any of their love and loyalty of their birthplace.
We hope wherever they go in this wide domain, to which we set no limits in the European Continent, they will truly feel “Here I am at home. I am a citizen of this country too”.

Film made using public domain footage offered by Beeld en Geluid via Open Images ( https://www.openbeelden.nl/media/1152285 )

① memo 20190513 ~ I am a European – Churchill

Jesus The Man – Filmmaker Paul Verhoeven


Filmmaker Paul Verhoeven’s project Jesus of Nazareth – a realistic portrait … The intro in dutch on his fascination for ‘Jesus the man’, study in the Jesus Seminar, and making the book 10 years ago (based on interviews with Rob van Scheers) – a discussion with Paul Verhoeven invited by the Institute of Religious Studies at the Leiden University on March 31 , 2009 in the Lokhorst church in Leiden , Holland – Part 1 , filmed with a Sony T500 compact camera.

NL – 10 jaar geleden – dinsdag 31 maart 2009 – kwam regisseur en schrijver Paul Verhoeven op uitnodiging van het Instituut der Godsdienstwetenschappen van de Leidse universiteit naar Leiden , om te praten over zijn boek ‘Jezus van Nazaret’ …. ‘een realistisch portret’ dat eind 2008 was uitgegeven (geschreven in samenspraak met Rob van Scheers).

Naast cinema kent Nederlands grootste filmregisseur Paul Verhoeven nóg een levenslange fascinatie: Jezus van Nazareth. Na zijn vertrek uit Nederland in 1985 meldde hij zich daarom in Californië aan bij het zogeheten Jesus Seminar, een hoog aangeslagen wetenschappelijke denktank van zo’n zeventig eminente professoren in godgeleerdheid, filosofie, linguïstiek en bijbelgeschiedenis, opgericht door Amerika’s meest vooraanstaande liberale exegeet Robert W. Funk.
Als enige niet-theoloog mocht Verhoeven aanschuiven bij de discussies die tot doel hadden de historische figuur Jezus van de mythische bijbelfiguur Jezus te bevrijden, hem te ontdoen van tweeduizend jaar christelijke inkleuring. Als bijdrage aan dit onderzoek schreef Paul Verhoeven – in Leiden afgestudeerd in wis- en natuurkunde – vele wetenschappelijke papers die vervolgens de basis vormden voor zijn spraakmakende boek Jezus van Nazaret – inmiddels in meerdere vertalingen uitgegeven .

Er werd een discussie gevoerd tussen Paul Verhoeven en een panel bestaande uit Prof. Zangenberg, dr. Hofstee en drie studenten in de Lokhorstkerk te Leiden. Hier een eerste deel van mijn reportage : de introductie door Paul Verhoeven over zijn levenslange project en de totstandkoming van het boek – gefilmd met een Sony T500 compact camera.

Jesus The Man – Filmmaker Paul Verhoeven
March 31 , 2009 – Discussion with Paul Verhoeven in Lokhorstkerk church , Leiden , Holland Film ① memo 20190403 Michel van der Burg – michelvanderburg.com | 1-memo.com